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Feb 13

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate) or NEET (UG), formerly the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT), is an all India pre-medical entrance test for students who wish to pursue undergraduate medical (MBBS), dental (BDS) and AYUSH (BAMS, BUMS, BHMS, etc.) courses in government and private institutions in India and also, for those intending to pursue primary medical qualification abroad.

The exam is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA), which provides the results to the Directorate General of Health Services under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and State Counselling Authorities for seat allocation.

NEET-UG replaced the All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT) and many other pre-medical exams conducted by states and various medical colleges. However, due to lawsuits being filed against the exam, it could not be held in 2014 and 2015.

NEET-UG is a single entrance test for admissions to more than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India.

After the enactment of NMC Act 2019 in September 2019, NEET-UG became the sole entrance test for admissions to medical colleges in India including the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) which until then conducted separate exams.

Exam pattern and structure

There are a total of 180 questions asked in the exam, 45 questions each from Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology. Each correct response fetches 4 marks and each incorrect response gets -1 negative marking. The exam duration is 3 hours (180 mins). The exam is of 720 marks (maximum marks). In 2021, there was an abrupt change in pattern of question paper. The paper consisted of two sections: A and B in all four subjects, i.e Physics, Chemistry,Botany and Zoology. Section A consisted of 35 compulsory questions and Section B consisted of 15 questions out of which 10 questions were supposed to be filled.  

Syllabus

NEET (UG) syllabus consists of the core concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Biology taught in classes 11 and 12 as prescribed by the NCERT.

Organizing body

The National Testing Agency (NTA) has been made the nodal agency for conduct of all India competitive exams and conducts NEET (UG) from 2019. The Central Board of Secondary Education conducted NEET between 2013 and 2018 before the setting of NTA.

Opposition

The introduction of NEET has received opposition from some entities, most notably the state of Tamil Nadu. The bulk of the major political parties represented in the state, including the AIADMK and the ruling DMK have expressed resistance to the test on multiple grounds. 

Number of applicants by year

Year

Date of

Examination

No. of candidates Registered
2021 12 September 2021*1,614,777
202013 September 2020*1,597,435
20195 May 20191,519,375
20186 May 20181,326,725
20177 May 20171,138,890]
201624 July 2021 (Phase II)802,594
1 May 2016 (Phase I) 
2015Exam not held (AIPMT held instead)
2014
20135 May 2013717127

 

Exam cutoff

Category

Minimum Qualifying Percentile

As of 2019

Unreserved (UR)50th Percentile
Unreserved PH (UR-PH)45th Percentile
Scheduled Caste (SC)40th Percentile
Scheduled Tribe (ST)40th Percentile
Other Backward Classes (OBC)40th Percentile
SC-PH40th Percentile
ST-PH40th Percentile
OBC-PH40th Percentile

 

Colleges

As per the orders of the Supreme Court and the NMC Act 2019, a single medical entrance exam is conducted all over India for admission into medical and dental colleges, colleges and universities will not be able to conduct their own medical entrance exam and will accept students based on the All India Rank obtained in NEET (UG). All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT), is now known as NEET. After the declaration of the results, an All India Rank (AIR) is allotted to each candidate and a merit list is released. The Medical Council of India conducts counselling (allotment of seats according to merit and candidate choice) for 15% state seats, central institutes and deemed universities. The counselling for remaining 85% state quota seats and private colleges is done by the medical boards of respective states. States prepare their separate merit list on basis of NEET-UG results. The total number of seats offered under NEET are 66,000 which is distributed accordingly. 

Colleges

No. of seats offered

All private colleges25,840
All government colleges27,590
NEET Counselling seats3,521
NEET Basis seats35,461

 

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